JXSC Machinery

placer gold processing plant

Placer Gold Processing

Placer gold, or alluvial gold, is mixed with mud, sand, and gravel. The common methods of placer gold beneficiation include gravity separation, flotation, mercury amalgamation, etc.

Application: The alluvial/ placer gold process mainly for washing or processing seaside placers, riverside sand, alluvial ore, chrome, manganese ore, copper, etc. 

Placer gold beneficiation process

The placer/alluvial gold mining process is designed to maximize the recovery of gold and associated heavy minerals from gangue. Then, gold is separated from associated heavy minerals through a combined mining scheme of gravity, flotation, magnetic and electrostatic separation.

  • Ore washing operation: The important process before the placer gold separating operation. Its main purpose is to separate the gravel, sand and granular soil, and wash the fine mud adhering to the gravel and the gold ore mixed in it.
  • Screening operation: Main purpose for screening the placer gold ore after washing, and screening out large pieces of gravel without gold, so as to improve the gold recovery efficiency.
  • Gravity separation process: Since gold is in a free state in placer gold, and the specific gravity difference between gold and sand is obvious, the gold gravity separation method is ideal for extracting gold from placer ore.
  • Concentrate operation: When gold contains various metal minerals or impurities, it can use gravity separation, magnetic separation, flotation, electric separation or combined processes to separate each other to further improve the grade of gold.

Placer Gold Processing plant

This setup is a 150tph complete alluvial gold processing plant; The main equipment and process details are as follows:

  • Trommel scrubber
  • Drum magnetic separator
  • Centrifugal concentrator
  • Shaking table
  • Gold sluice box
  • Gold melting furnace

Raw ore information: The raw material is 0-150mm alluvial gold ore with much clay, the gold nugget size is around 0-10mm, and it with some magnetic ores.

1. Feeding stage: The truck unloads the material into the hopper, and enters the vibrating feeder from the lower part of the hopper; the +100mm waste materials will be separated by the vibrating feeder grate, and transferred to the stockyard by the belt conveyor.

2. Washing stage: The vibrating feeder evenly feeds the -100mm material into the trommel scrubber for washing. Among them, the trommel scrubber has two layers of screens with meshes of 2mm and 10mm.

3. Magnetic separation: After washing, the 0-2mm material flows into the drum magnetic separator to remove the magnetic ore, and then is stored in the slurry pool.

4. Gravity Separation: The 2-10mm material will flow to the gold sluice box, so the 2-10mm gold particles can be captured. And the +10mm material will be sent to the waste pile. The pool’s 0-2mm material will be pumped from the slurry to the centrifuge concentrator. Among them, the tailings of the centrifuge concentrator flow to the gold sluice box for concentration. Finally, the gold concentrate flows into a shaking table for further concentration. All gold concentrates can be smelted in a melting furnace to obtain gold nuggets.

The process has the characteristics of environmental protection and can directly discharge tailings, which greatly reduces the construction cost of the entire processing plant. We also provide mobile or one-stop alluvial gold wash plants, suitable for small/ medium-scale gold processing plants, with low cost and high recovery efficiency.

Related Equipment

Trommel scrubber
Trommel scrubber
gold centrifugal concentrator
Gold centrifugal concentrator
JXSC Gold Sluice Boxes
Gold Sluice Box
gold shaking table
Shaking table
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